Iraqi civilian Casualties
US government: “CRS Report for Congress: Iraqi Civilian Deaths Estimates.”
Openly admits that the Department of Defense fails to provide a “composite estimate of Iraqi civilian deaths.”
Both governments, US and Iraqi, have had strong incentives to under-report civilian casualties (2). “Iraqi govt officials had made clear . . . that they believed releasing high casualty humbers would make it more difficult to quell unrest.”
Chief US military spokesman estimates Iraqi civilian deaths at 568 in Dec 2007; 721 in Feb 2008; 1,082 in March 2008. That is, between 600 and 1000 per month.
Lancet, July 2006
Estimates 100,000 “excess deaths” from the invasion occurred from March 2003 to Sept. 2004.
Mortality rate went from 5.5 per 1k to 13.3 per 1k.
As of July 2006, there are 655,000 excess deaths estimated, or 2.5% of the population in the area studied.
Opinon Research Business, Aug 2007
Estimates 1,033,000 Iraqi deaths from violence.
Just Foreign Policy
An intelligent overview of casualty statistics.
Has some good bar graphs: US troop levels; US casualties, Iraqi civilian casualties.
ACLU report, 2008
“At every step of the way, the Bush administration and Defense Department have gone to unprecedented lengths to control and suppress information about the human cost of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan,” says Nasrina Bargzie, an attorney with the ACLU National Security Project.
Times article, 2010
Samples some of the shocking contents of the Wikileaks war journal release.
Chris Hedges, Collateral Damage, book and article
Tom Engelhardt, on wedding bombings
Ramsey Clark, former US attorney general (Carter Administration)
The Fire This Time, updated version. 2005.
US War Crimes in Iraq.
Al Jazeera, 2010
Prior to US invasion, women in public sector and govt jobs got full year of maternity leave. In 2010, they only get 6 months.
UN factsheet on women’s issues as of 2012
Does not compare to other years, but gives a very grim portrait.
Claims definitively that women’s rights and quality of life have been severely degraded since the US invasion.
“For much of the 20th century, and under various leaders, Iraq was one of the most progressive Middle Eastern countries in its treatment of women, who were encouraged to go to school and enter the workforce. Saddam Hussein’s Baath Party espoused a secular Arab nationalism that advocated women’s full participation in society. But years of war changed that.
“In the days after the U.S.-led invasion in 2003, many women were hopeful that they would enjoy greater parity with men. President Bush said that increasing women’s rights was essential to creating a new, democratic Iraq.
“But interviews with 16 Iraqi women, ranging in age from 21 to 52, show that much of that postwar hope is gone. The younger women say they fear being snatched on their way to school and wonder whether their college degrees will mean anything in the new Iraq. The older women, proud of their education and careers, are watching their independence slip away.”
“. . . . We’re suffering right now,” Khalid said, her two sons tugging at her abaya. “The war took all our rights. We’re not free because of terrorism.”
“. . . It’s become so bad that a woman who drives a car will be slaughtered, and a woman who doesn’t put a scarf on her hair will be slaughtered,” she said.”
Global Research, “How the US erase Women’s Rights in Iraq,” 2005
Provides scathing analysis, but few sources.
“U.S.-instigated violence and the miserable living conditions created by the Occupation have forced Iraqi women to lock themselves in their homes. And even in their homes, Iraqi women are less safe today than before the invasion. U.S. forces and their collaborators continue to raid, Iraqi homes days and nights, accompanied by terror and human rights abuses of Iraqi women and their families. Iraqi women are arrested, detained, abused and tortured not because of anything they have done, but to force their close relatives (spouses, sons and brothers) to collaborate with the Occupation and inform against the Resistance fighting to defend their people and Iraq’s independence.
“The U.S. is not the “guardian” of human rights, as many Americans still living with this fallacy; the U.S. has become the opposite, a creator of misery and injustice. The American people should be made a ware of the path their nation is taking, and the crimes it is committing in their name against innocent people around the world.”
Quality of life
Human Rights Watch, 2012
Raed Jarrar, blogger, 2011
“There is no victory and no victors in the 20-year war. Except for a few war profiteers, everyone has lost. The U.S.-Iraqi war that started in 1990 has destroyed Iraq’s infrastructure and damaged the Iraqi social fabric. Iraq is far from having a functional democratic government. It is the fourth most corrupt country in the world according to Transparency International, and Baghdad is the worst city in the world according to Mercer’s 2011 Quality of Living rankings. One million Iraqis have been killed in the last eight years alone, and another 5 million displaced. Millions of others have been injured and traumatized for life. Tens of thousands of U.S. troops have been killed and wounded, and hundreds of thousands are back home with mental injuries. Iraq and the U.S. lost hundreds of billions of dollars because of the conflict.
Channel 4 News, 2011
Claims that quality of life in Iraq is pathetic.
Quality of life survery across globe, 2006
Iraq ranked worst in the world.
USA Today, 2005
“In one of the most comprehensive surveys on living conditions in Iraq, the United Nations reported Thursday that many Iraqis have poor access to clean water, live in overcrowded conditions, struggle to stay in school and often live in homes without sewage systems.
“. . . does show that some basic services — electricity, water, education — have worsened since the U.S.-led invasion in 2003, said Alia al-Dalli, an official in the UNDP Iraq office.
. . .
“• 10% of families suffer from overcrowding. In the countryside in Ninevah province, 14% of families live in huts. In rural areas to the north, 25% of homes have been destroyed by war.
• 85% of households have unreliable electricity, and 29% rely on alternative sources of power, mostly generators. Power in many parts of Iraq was intermittent under Saddam’s regime as well.
• 80% of families in rural areas use unsafe drinking water.
• 37% of households are connected to sewage networks.
• 10.5% of Iraqis are unemployed, and among youth the rate is 19%. That is a sharp decline from the 75% unemployment rate immediately after the fall of Saddam’s regime.
• The median hourly wage is about 54 cents.
• Women die during childbirth at a rate of 193 out of every 100,000 births in Iraq, compared with 23 per 100,000 in Saudi Arabia and 850 per 100,000 in Yemen.
• Almost a quarter of children from 6 months to 5 years suffer from chronic malnutrition.”
Peter Van Buren, We Meant Well: How I helped lost he battle for the hearts and minds of the Iraqi people.
Good on the ground descriptions of squandered money, corruption, and misguided actions.
The Independent (British daily), “Medical Disaster in Iraq,” 2006