Birthright Trip–Some References

Links Below. For textual excerpts from each link, see pdf:

Israel–Birthright Tours (text excerpts)

Real News expose with M. Blumenthal Recommended

Anecdotal comments from online forum Roosh V forum
Tablet Mag Tablet
Vice Mag Vice
Jewlishious The Unofficial Guide to Sex on Birthright Israel

How to Go on Birthright Like a Betch
The Yids are Alright: 10 Days of Spiritual Decadence Gawker
Birthright Reaches Bar Mitzvah Haaretz
Birthright organizer’s methodologies Jpost. From a book by a sociologist. Review
The Romance of Birthright Israel The Nation
Taglit Birthright Israel–advertising for romance
Israeli television parody Taglit Birthright

Tufts SJP Advice to Jews Considering Birthright

Very good points and questions here.

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Israel-Palestine Conflict: Some Sources

From here.

Internet Sources

Institute for Palestine Studies/Journal of Palestine Studies (Recommended)


If Americans Knew

Israel Occupation Archive

Mondoweiss (Recommended)

Maan News Agency


Selected Books

Rashid Khalidi. The Iron Cage. 2007. Excellent, crystal clear presentation of the conflict, using updated scholarship. Recommended.

David Hirst. The Gun and the Olive Branch. 2003. This is an excellent, well-informed account of the conflict. It is very accessibly written.  Recommended.

Charles Smith. Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. 2007. This is one of the most thoroughly referenced and complete accounts I know of. The reading can be tedious, since it is concerned to cover all major aspects of the conflict. But the writing is clear, the references are well presented, and the book serves as a good standard reference work or textbook on the conflict.

James Gelvin. The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War. 2005.

Norman Finkelstein. Beyond Chutzpah. 2005. Much of the book is a polemic denouncing the fraudulent scholarship of Alan Dershowitz and Joan Peters, whose claims and the evidence provided are thoroughly debunked. This interest of this section is limited, since it merely offers a test case of biased scholarship. More interesting though are the substantial annexes, which present succinct information, including solid references, debunking the myths and misunderstandings about the conflict found in spurious US scholarship and common public understanding.

Joe Sacco. Palestine. 2002. Gritty, fascinating, very well crafted. Adds flesh to the facts, and gives a strong sense of the human realities under consideration in the conflict.

Benny Morris. Righteous Victims. 1999. One of the most authoritative presentations of the findings of the Tel Aviv “new historians,” making ample use of newly declassified IDF archives and state records. Clearly preferential to Israeli state, but nonetheless well presented, clearly argued, and thoroughly debunking the myths propelled by Israeli state propaganda and pro-Israel ideologues. Sections of particular interest include the accounts of early Zionist terror groups like the Hagana and the Stern Gang; and the accounts of the 1948 and 1967 wars, which demonstrate Israeli military superiority.

Noam Chomsky. The Fateful Triangle. 1983. Tedious reading, but directly to the point discussions and (now dated, but still relevant) documentation of the conflict, focusing especially on US role. Makes use of Hebrew press, among many other sources. Arguments and claims are direct and supported by relentless sets of documentary evidence.

Edward Said. The Question of Palestine. 1979. Interesting for its historical interest, in a period where it was difficult to rise above the myths perpetuated in US society about Israel.

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The Algerian Civil War: A Bibliography

Taken from here.

Historical documents and secondary literature

Addi, Lahouari, Mohamed Harbi, and Fatiha Talahite. “Lettre ouverte aux éradicateurs français.” February 3, 1998.

Addi, Lahouari. “A l’ombre de la Terreur: L’armée algérienne confisque le pouvoir.” Le Monde Diplomatique. February 1998.

Addi, Lahouari. “Information biaisée et démocratie en devenir: Entretien avec Lahouari Addi.” In “La parole aux Algériens: Violence et politique en Algérie,” ed. Jean-Paul Chagnollaud, special issue, Confluences Méditerranée 25 (Spring 1998): 165-173.

Addi, Lahouari. “Le destin de la réconciliation est entre les mains des familles de disparus.” Interview.  In Ali Yahia, 2005, 65-67.

Africa Report. “Algeria’s Economy: The Vicious Circle of Oil and Violence.” Africa Report, N°36, October 26, 2001.

Ageron, Charles-Robert. “Complots et purges dans l’armée de liberation algérienne (1958-1962).” In La guerre d’indépendances des Algériens : 1954-1962. Edited by Raphaëlle Branche. 107-126. Paris : Perrin, 2009.

Aggoun, Lounis and Jean-Baptiste Rivoire. Françalgérie: crimes et mensonges d’états. Histoire secrète, de la guerre d’indépendance à la “troisième guerre” d’Algérie. Paris :  La Découverte, 2004.

Ahmed, Nafeez Mosaddeq. “Algeria and the Paradox of Democracy: The 1992 Coup, its Consequences and the Contemporary Crisis.” Algeria Watch. November 2000. http://​ paradox_democracy.htm. Retrieved 01/04/2012.

Aït Larbi, M. et al. “An Anatomy of the Massacres.” In Bedjaoui. 13-195.

Al-Ahnaf, Mustafa, Bernard Botiveau, and Franck Frégosi, eds. L’Algérie par ses islamistes. Paris: Editions Karthala, 1991.

Algeria. Décret législatif no. 92-03 du 30 septembre 1992 relatif à la lutte contre la subversion et le terrorisme.  September, 30 1992.​docid/3ffc236b7.html.  Accessed 9/2/2012.

Algeria. Arrêté interministériel relative au traitement de l’information à caractère sécuritaire. June 7, 1994. In Reporters sans frontières, 1997, 52-57. English translation from Latif, 678-684.

Algeria. Décret présidentiel no. 92-320 du 11 août 1992 portant sur l’instauration de l’état d’urgence. August  11, 1992.​refworld/docid/​3fbce94d4.html. Retrieved 9/2/2012.

Algeria-Watch. Information on the Human Rights Situation in Algeria. Online Database.

Ali Yahia, Abdennour. Algérie : raisons et déraisons d’une guerre. Paris : Harmattan, 1996.

Ali Yahia, Abdennour, et al., ed. Quelle réconciliation pour l’Algérie? Geneva : Les Editions Hoggar, 2005.

Aroua, Abbas. “French Colonial Massacres.” In Bedjouai, 1013-1162.

Aïssaoui, Ali. Algeria: The Political Economy of Oil and Gas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Azni, Boussad. Harkis, crimes d’État: Généalogie d’un abandon. Paris : Éditions Ramsay, 2002.  

Bedjaoui, Youcef, Abbas Aroua, Méziane Aït-Larbi, ed. An Inquiry into the Algerian Massacres. Forward by Noam Chomsky. Geneva: Les Editions Hoggar, 1999.

Ben Ammar, Taoufik. “The Language of Terrorism: Al-Jazeera and the Framing of Terrorist Discourse.” PhD dissertation. Georgetown University, 2009.

Boudjedra, Rachid. FIS de la haine. Paris: Denoël, 1992.

Camus, Albert. Chroniques algériennes: 1939-1958. Paris: Editions Gallimard. 1958.

Carlier, Omar. “Scholars and Politicians: An Examination of the Algerian View of Algerian Nationalism.” In Michel Le Gall and Kenneth Perkins, ed. The Maghrib in Question: Essays in History and Historiography. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1997, 136-170.

Charef, Abed. Algérie: Autopsie d’un massacre. Saint-Etienne: Editions de l’Aube, 1998.

Comité Algérien des Militants Libres de la Dignité Humaine et des Droits de l’Homme. Livre blanc sur la répression en Algérie (1991-1995): Les complicités. Supplement. Geneva: Editions Hoggar, 1995.

Committee to Protect Journalists. “Siege Mentality: Press freedom and the Algerian conflict.” In “Attacks on the Press in 1998.” February 1999. http://​​refworld/docid/47c567c232.html. Retrieved 2/9/12.

Corcoran, Patrick. “The Maghreb.” In The Cambridge Introduction to Francophone Literature, 27-74. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Crapanzano, Vincent. The Harkis. The Wound that Never Heals. 2011

Denaud, Patrick. Le FIS: Sa direction parle. Paris : L’Harmattan, 1997.

Das, Veena. Life and Words. California University Press, 2006.

Dib, Mohamed, et al. “Appel des intellectuels nationaux contre la confusion et le défaitisme.” Advertisement. Le Monde. March 30, 2001.

Dillman, Bradford. State and Private Sector in Algeria: The Politics of Rent-seeking and Failed Development. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 2000.

Djaout, Tahar. Le Dernier Été de la raison. 1993. Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1999.

Djebar, Assia. L’amour, la fantasia. Paris: Éditions Albin Michel, 1985.

Djebar, Assia. Le blanc de l’Algérie. Paris: Éditions Albin Michel, 1995.

Djebar, Assia. Vaste est la prison. Paris: Éditions Albin Michel, 1995.

Entelis, John. “Political Islam in the Maghreb. The nonviolent dimension.” In Islam, Democracy, and the State in North Africa. Edited by John Entelis. Indiana University Press, 1997.

Entelis, John. “Algeria: Democracy denied, and revived?” Journal of North African Studies 16, No. 4 (December 2011): 653-678.

Embassy Algiers. “Algeria and the PLO.” United States Cable. 1987. http://​​cable/‌1987/04/87ALGIERS2184.html#. Retrieved 1/02/12.

Embassy Algiers. “Algeria: Directors of National Oil Company Investigated for Corruption.” United States Cable.‌cable/2010/02/ ‌10ALGIERS111.html. Retrieved 1/02/12.

Evans, Martin.  The Memory of Resistance: French Opposition to the Algerian War (1954-1962). Oxford: Berg, 1997.

Evans, Martin. Algeria: France’s Undeclared War. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012.

Evans, Martin, and John Phillips. Algeria: Anger of the Dispossessed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.

Fanon, Frantz. Wretched of the Earth. 1961. New York: Grove Press, 2004.

Feraoun, Mouloud. Journal 1955-1962. Reflections on the French-Algerian War. 1962. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000.

Fisk, Robert. “ ‘Anything to Wipe Out a Devil…’.” In The Great War for Civilization. 2005. New York: Vintage Books. 2007. 513-585.

Geertz, Clifford. Islam Observed: Religious Development in Morocco and Indonesia. 1968. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Gerges, Fawaz. America and Political Islam: Class of Cultures or Clash of Interests? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

George, Alexander, ed. Western State Terrorism. New York: Routledge, 1991.

Gèze, François. “Aux origines de la violence.”

Gèze, François and Salima Mellah, ed. Le procès de “La sale guerre.” Algérie: Le général-major Khaled Nezzar contre le lieutenant Habib Souaïdia. Paris: La Découverte, 2003.

Ghezali, Salima. “Oser une commission international d’enquête,” Le Monde Diplomatique. February 1998.

Gyps. FIS End Love. Paris: Dahmani, 1996. (Graphic art.)

Harbi, Mohammed. Aux orgines du FLN. Le populisme révolutionnaire en Algérie. Paris: Christian Bourgois, 1975.

Harbi, Mohammed. Le FLN, Mirage et réalité, des origines à 1962. Paris: Jeune Afrique, 1980.

Harbi, Mohammed. La Guerre commence en Algérie. Brussels: Editions Complexe, 1984.

Harbi, Mohammed. L’islamisme dans tous ses états, 1991.

Harbi, Mohammed. L’Algérie et son destin. Croyants ou citoyens? Paris: Arcantère, 1992.

Harbi, Mohammed. “Une exigence: la transparence. Entretien avec Mohammed Harbi.” In “La parole aux Algériens: Violence et politique en Algérie,” ed. Jean-Paul Chagnollaud, special issue, Confluences Méditerranée 25 (Spring 1998): 153-158.

Harbi, Mohammed, and Gilles Meynier, ed. Le FLN. Documents et histoire. Fayard, 2004.

Harbi, Mohammed and Benjamin Stora, ed. La guerre d’Algérie. 1954-2004, la fin de l’amnésie. Paris: Robert Laffont, 2004.

Herman, Edward and Gerry O’Sullivan. The “Terrorism” Industry: The Experts and Institutions that Shape Our View of Terror. New York: Pantheon Books, 1989.

Horne, Alistair. A Savage War of Peace: Algeria 1954-1962. 1977. Revised edition. New York: Penguin Books. 1987.

Human Rights Watch. “Algeria: Elections in the Shadow of Violence and Repression.” June 1, 1997. E904. Retrieved 8/5/11.

Human Rights Watch. “Human Rights Watch World Report 1998—Algeria.”

Izel, B; J.S. Wafa, and W. Isaac, W., ed. “What is the GIA?” In Bedjaoui, 373-453.

Khadra, Yasmina. Les agneaux du Seigneur. Paris: Julliard, 1998.

Khadra, Yasmina. A quoi hurlent les loups. Paris: Julliard, 1999.

Khalidi, Rachid. Sowing Crisis: The Cold War and American Dominance in the Middle East. Boston: Beacon Press, 2009.

Latif, I. “Media Commandos,” in Bedjaoui, 651-688.

Le Sueur, James. Uncivil War: Intellectuals and Identity Politics During the Decolonization of Algeria. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.

Le Sueur, James.  Algeria since 1989 : Between Terror and Democracy. London: Zed Books, 2010.

Lybarger, Loren. Identity and Religion in Palestine: The Struggle between Islamism and Secularism in the Occupied Territories. Princeton University Press, 2007.

Mahmood, Saba. Politics of Piety. Princeton University Press, 2005.

Martinez, Luis. The Algerian Civil War, 1990-1998. New York : Columbia University Press, 2000 (1998).

Mellah, Salima. The Massacres in Algeria, 1992-2004. Extracts from a Report Presented by the Justice Commission for Algeria at the 32nd Session of the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal on Human Richts Violations in Algeria, 5-8 November. 2004. Retrieved 1/14/2013.

Mellah, Salima, and Jean-Baptiste Rivoire. “El Para, the Maghreb’s Bin Laden.” Le Monde Diplomatique. February 2005. English translation online. http://archives.​ Retrieved 9/30/2012.

Meynier, Gilbert. Histoire intérieure du FLN: 1954-1962. Paris: Librairie Arthème Fayard. 2002.

Meynier, Gilbert. “Le PPA-MTLD et le FLN-ALN, étude comparée.” In Harbi and Stora,  417-450.

Mimouni, Rachid. De la barbarie en général et de l’intégrisme en particulier. Belfond, France: Le Pré aux Clercs, 1992.

Mouffok, Ghania. “Attentats contre la liberté de presse.” Le Monde Diplomatique. March 1996.

Moussaoui, Abderrahmane. La violence en Algérie. Actes Sud: 2006.

Nezzar, Khaled. Mémoires du général. Algeria: Chihab Editions, 1999.

Planche, Jean-Louis. “De la solidarité militante à l’affrontement armé: MNA et FLN à Alger, 1954-1955. In Militaires et guérilla dans la guerre d’Algérie, Edited by Jean-Chalres Jauffret and Maurice Vaïsse. Brussells: Editions Complexe, 2001. 219-236.

Quandt, William. Between Ballots and Bullets: Algeria’s Transition from Authoritarianism. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1998.

Reporters sans frontières. Algérie, le livre noir. Paris: La Découverte, 1997.

Rivoire, Jean-Baptiste and Jean-Paul Billault, dir. Bentalha, autopsie d’une massacre. Broadcast in Switzerland, Temps présent, TSR 1, April 8, 1999; and in longer version in France, Envoyé special, France 2, September 23, 1999.

Roberts, Hugh. The Battlefield Algeria, 1988-2002. Studies in a Broken Polity. Verso, 2003.

Ruedy, John. Modern Algeria. The Origins and Development of a Nation. 1992. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005.

Sansal, Boualem. Le serment des barbares. Paris: Gallimard, 1999.

Samraoui, Mohamed. Les années de sang: comment les services secret ont manipulé les groupes islamistes. Paris : Denël, 2003.

Shatz, Adam. Algeria’s ashes. New York Times Book Review, July 18, 2003.

Sifaoui, Mohamed. Histoire secrète de l’Algérie indépendante: L’État-DRS. Paris: Nouveau Monde, 2012.

Souaïdia, Habib. La sale guerre. Paris: Éditions La Découverte et Syros, 2001.

Sweeney, John. “We accuse. 80,000 times. A corrupt and hated government has been killing its people for six years, while the West turns a blind eye.” The Observer. November 16, 1997.

Sweeney, John, and Doyle, Leonard, ” ‘We bombed Paris for Algeria.’ The testimony of ‘Yussuf.’ ” The Observer, November 9, 1997.

Stora, Benjamin. La guerre invisible: Algérie, années 90. Paris : Presses de Sciences Po, 1999.

Stora, Benjamin. Algeria, 1830-2000: A Short History, trans. Jane Marie Todd. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001.

Taha, I. “Qualification des massacres dans le droit international.” In Bedjaoui, 1233-1314.

Taheri, Amir. “Entretien avec le Général X. Algérie: Les grands cimeterres sous la lune.” Politique Internationale, Spring 1998. Accessed online: Retrieved 01/04/12.

Tessler, Mark. “The Origins of Popular Support for Islamist Movements.” In Entelis, 1997.

Tigha, Abdelkader. Contre-espionnage algérien: notre guerre contre les Islamistes. With Philippe Lobjois. Nouveau Monde Editions, 2008.

Valette, Jacques. La guerre d’Algérie des Messalistes: 1954-1962. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2001.

Vatin, Jean-Claude. “Revival in the Maghreb: Islam as an Alternative Political Language.” In Islamic Resurgence in the Arab World. Edited by Ali Dessouki. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1982.

Vergès, Jacques. An Open Letter to Algerian Friends Turned Torturers. Translated and revised by Michèle Messaoudi. Foreward by Lord Eric Avebury. Geneva: Editions Hoggar, 2000. Originally published as Lettres ouverte à des amis algériens devenus tortionnaires. Paris: Albin Michel, 1993.

Willis, Michael. The Islamist Challenge in Algeria: A Political History. New York: New York University Press, 1996.

Willis, Michael. Politics and Power in the Maghreb: Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco from Independence to the Arab Spring. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.

Yacine, Nasreddine . ‘L’autre version de la république’.” Transcription and translation of interview by Mohamed Samraoui. Algeria Watch. August 6, 2001. Retrieved 9/30/2012.

Yous, Nesroulah, with Salima Mellah. Qui a tué à Bentalha? Algérie: chronique d’un massacre annoncé. Paris : La Découverte, 2000.


Literary Works


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US-Iraq War Casualty References

Iraqi civilian Casualties

US government: “CRS Report for Congress: Iraqi Civilian Deaths Estimates.”

August 2008

Openly admits that the Department of Defense fails to provide a “composite estimate of Iraqi civilian deaths.”

Both governments, US and Iraqi, have had strong incentives to under-report civilian casualties (2). “Iraqi govt officials had made clear . . . that they believed releasing high casualty humbers would make it more difficult to quell unrest.”

Chief US military spokesman estimates Iraqi civilian deaths at 568 in Dec 2007; 721 in Feb 2008; 1,082 in March 2008. That is, between 600 and 1000 per month.

Lancet, July 2006

Estimates 100,000 “excess deaths” from the invasion occurred from March 2003 to Sept. 2004.

Mortality rate went from 5.5 per 1k to 13.3 per 1k.

As of July 2006, there are 655,000 excess deaths estimated, or 2.5% of the population in the area studied.

Opinon Research Business, Aug 2007

Estimates 1,033,000 Iraqi deaths from violence.

Just Foreign Policy

An intelligent overview of casualty statistics.

BBC, 2011

Has some good bar graphs: US troop levels; US casualties, Iraqi civilian casualties.

ACLU report, 2008

“At every step of the way, the Bush administration and Defense Department have gone to unprecedented lengths to control and suppress information about the human cost of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan,” says Nasrina Bargzie, an attorney with the ACLU National Security Project.

Times article, 2010

Samples some of the shocking contents of the Wikileaks war journal release.

Chris Hedges, Collateral Damage, book and article

Tom Engelhardt, on wedding bombings

Ramsey Clark, former US attorney general (Carter Administration)

The Fire This Time, updated version. 2005.

US War Crimes in Iraq.

Women’s rights

Al Jazeera, 2010

Prior to US invasion, women in public sector and govt jobs got full year of maternity leave. In 2010, they only get 6 months.


Baghdad Burning: Girl Blog from Iraq. 2005.

UN factsheet on women’s issues as of 2012

Does not compare to other years, but gives a very grim portrait.

Washington Post

Claims definitively that women’s rights and quality of life have been severely degraded since the US invasion.

“For much of the 20th century, and under various leaders, Iraq was one of the most progressive Middle Eastern countries in its treatment of women, who were encouraged to go to school and enter the workforce. Saddam Hussein’s Baath Party espoused a secular Arab nationalism that advocated women’s full participation in society. But years of war changed that.

“In the days after the U.S.-led invasion in 2003, many women were hopeful that they would enjoy greater parity with men. President Bush said that increasing women’s rights was essential to creating a new, democratic Iraq.

“But interviews with 16 Iraqi women, ranging in age from 21 to 52, show that much of that postwar hope is gone. The younger women say they fear being snatched on their way to school and wonder whether their college degrees will mean anything in the new Iraq. The older women, proud of their education and careers, are watching their independence slip away.”

“. . . . We’re suffering right now,” Khalid said, her two sons tugging at her abaya. “The war took all our rights. We’re not free because of terrorism.”

“. . .  It’s become so bad that a woman who drives a car will be slaughtered, and a woman who doesn’t put a scarf on her hair will be slaughtered,” she said.”

Global Research, “How the US erase Women’s Rights in Iraq,” 2005

Provides scathing analysis, but few sources.

“U.S.-instigated violence and the miserable living conditions created by the Occupation have forced Iraqi women to lock themselves in their homes. And even in their homes, Iraqi women are less safe today than before the invasion. U.S. forces and their collaborators continue to raid, Iraqi homes days and nights, accompanied by terror and human rights abuses of Iraqi women and their families. Iraqi women are arrested, detained, abused and tortured not because of anything they have done, but to force their close relatives (spouses, sons and brothers) to collaborate with the Occupation and inform against the Resistance fighting to defend their people and Iraq’s independence.

“The U.S. is not the “guardian” of human rights, as many Americans still living with this fallacy; the U.S. has become the opposite, a creator of misery and injustice. The American people should be made a ware of the path their nation is taking, and the crimes it is committing in their name against innocent people around the world.”

Quality of life

Human Rights Watch, 2012

Raed Jarrar, blogger, 2011

“There is no victory and no victors in the 20-year war. Except for a few war profiteers, everyone has lost. The U.S.-Iraqi war that started in 1990 has destroyed Iraq’s infrastructure and damaged the Iraqi social fabric. Iraq is far from having a functional democratic government. It is the fourth most corrupt country in the world according to Transparency International, and Baghdad is the worst city in the world according to Mercer’s 2011 Quality of Living rankings. One million Iraqis have been killed in the last eight years alone, and another 5 million displaced. Millions of others have been injured and traumatized for life. Tens of thousands of U.S. troops have been killed and wounded, and hundreds of thousands are back home with mental injuries. Iraq and the U.S. lost hundreds of billions of dollars because of the conflict.

Channel 4 News, 2011

Claims that quality of life in Iraq is pathetic.

Quality of life survery across globe, 2006

Iraq ranked worst in the world.

USA Today, 2005

“In one of the most comprehensive surveys on living conditions in Iraq, the United Nations reported Thursday that many Iraqis have poor access to clean water, live in overcrowded conditions, struggle to stay in school and often live in homes without sewage systems.

“. . . does show that some basic services — electricity, water, education — have worsened since the U.S.-led invasion in 2003, said Alia al-Dalli, an official in the UNDP Iraq office.

. . .

“• 10% of families suffer from overcrowding. In the countryside in Ninevah province, 14% of families live in huts. In rural areas to the north, 25% of homes have been destroyed by war.

• 85% of households have unreliable electricity, and 29% rely on alternative sources of power, mostly generators. Power in many parts of Iraq was intermittent under Saddam’s regime as well.

• 80% of families in rural areas use unsafe drinking water.

• 37% of households are connected to sewage networks.

• 10.5% of Iraqis are unemployed, and among youth the rate is 19%. That is a sharp decline from the 75% unemployment rate immediately after the fall of Saddam’s regime.

• The median hourly wage is about 54 cents.

• Women die during childbirth at a rate of 193 out of every 100,000 births in Iraq, compared with 23 per 100,000 in Saudi Arabia and 850 per 100,000 in Yemen.

• Almost a quarter of children from 6 months to 5 years suffer from chronic malnutrition.”

Peter Van Buren, We Meant Well: How I helped lost he battle for the hearts and minds of the Iraqi people.

Good on the ground descriptions of squandered money, corruption, and misguided actions.

The Independent (British daily), “Medical Disaster in Iraq,” 2006

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